Getting Smarter About Indian
Who Has The Power?
Condensed by Native Village
Lawn on the Tempe, Arizona
campus of Arizona State
For Our Children: A Study and
Critical Discussion of the
Influences on American Indian
and Alaska Native Education
organizations, universities and
people who most influence
American Indian/Alaska Native
study was done by Hollie J.
Mackey (University of Oklahoma)
and Linda Sue Warner
(Northeastern A&M College)
Mackey and Warner say that until now,
the most influential reports
have been the The Kennedy Report
(1968) and the Merriam Report
(1928.) Both studies have played
an enduring role in Indian
education legislation and
policy. Both share similar
recommendations and identify
similar problems. The main
difference is Collier’s
intention to promote economic
rehabilitation as a means to
Collier was the Superintendent
of Indian Affairs who
commissioned the Merriam Report.
Congress’s responded with the
Indian Reorganization Act.
"For Our Children"
as the most
They include the
“It is interesting
to note that neither
of Indian Education
Bureau of Indian
The study noted six
Websites and print
media outlets were
another source of
influence noted by
Mackey and Warner:
agencies and offices
as sources of
in the study
“This study might begin a
critical conversation about the
education of American Indian and
Alaskan Native students that
would not only include them in
the broader context of American
education, but also provide
insight into the people
themselves; what they value, who
they trust, and what is most
influential and important to
them in terms of the future of
their children,” the study says.
“It is our hope that our study
will provide educators and
scholars alike a snapshot of the
state of influence in both
policy and practice and will
provide a catalyst for
researchers beginning their
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