Native Village
Youth and Education news
Volume 3  March, 2011

UN Declares 2011 the 'International Year of Forests'
Read the entire article: http://www.aolnews.com/2011/02/02/un-declares-2011-the-international-year-of-forests/
Condensed by Native Village

United Nations: 380,000,000 years ago, the first trees grew on Earth. Now the United Nations is urging that our forests and the 1,600,000,000 people who depend on them be protected.

They have named
2011 as the "International Year of Forests." Their message: forests and their inhabitants don't work against each other, but are allies.

"Each minute that we spend on this planet breathing in and breathing out, about 25 hectares [62 acres] of forests are lost," said Joseph Deiss, president of the U.N. General Assembly.  "Ultimately, as history reminds us, in the past, entire civilizations collapse due to deforestation."

There are
1,000,000,000 hectares of degraded forest land
500,000,000 hectares of degraded crop land.
Plants and animal species are disappearing at an unprecedented rate

"Greenhouse gas emissions from deforestation account for more than those by the world's entire transportation sector," U.N. Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon said in a video message.

Some progress is being made. For instance,
5,200,000 hectares of forest cover disappeared in the past decade. That compares with 8,300,000 hectares in the 1990s. That is a 37% decline.

The most progress in ending deforestation has been made in Asia. Within Asia, China is responsible for reforesting
3,000,000 out of 5,000,000 hectares in the world.

The area making the least progress is Latin America.

"We still are in a half-empty glass but there is progress," said Eduardo Rojas-Briales, forestry director. "The Latin America region is the one that brings this half-empty glass."

 

Tanzania: Forests had almost disappeared in the Shinyanga region, and people suffered high levels of poverty. Efforts by the government and communities have led to the restoration of over 500,000 hectares of forests and  agricultural land.

"Those communities almost doubled the household income they received from the forests," said Stewart Maginnis from the International Union for Conservation of Nature.

Wangari Maathai, the 2004 Nobel Peace Prize winner, said jobs were available in area of forest management and conservation.

"A lot of graduates can be employed at that level," she said.
Rwanda: Rwanda is being hailed for forging ahead to repair its lost soil, land and water.

"Ecosystem restoration is not about planting trees only, but it's ensuring that you establish the balance that ought to be between human livelihood and the environment they live in," said Stanislas Kimanzi, the Rwandan minister for environment.

In the landmark agreement signed in Nagoya, Japan last year,
193 countries pledged to restore 15% of degraded ecosystems by 2020. While several nations have not even created plans, Rwanda is expected to exceed its target.

The Nagoya agreement also targets the protection of 17% of the world's land surface and 10% of the oceans. It also hopes to prevent the extinction of known threatened species by 2020.

Another new UN treaty is
being proposed. The International Treaty on Plant Genetic Resources calls for equal sharing of genetic resources.

"It is a partnership between the user of biodiversity and the owner of biodiversity," said Ahmed Djoghlaf, the head of the U.N. body on biodiversity.

Colombia, Algeria, Brazil and Yemen were the first to sign onto the treaty. The Plant Genetic Treaty needs
50 ratifications to come into force.

 

 Volume 1
On Day Dedicated to Native Americans, A Move to Honor Hopi Tribe's Code Talkers
New Office to Serve as Advocates for Tribal Veterans 
Metis Livid About Proposed Status System
Saying NO to $1 Billion Dollars
New Images of Remote Brazil Tribe
Amazonian Indians More Advanced Than We Knew
Australia's Aborigines to Launch Political Party
Irish Travellers to Shed Light on Indigenous Research

Volume 2
Berenstain Bears to Speak Lakota
Students Tell Saanich Myths Through Computer Animation  
Children's Book Exhibit Depicts Native Path to Diabetes Prevention
Mentoring Program Coming to Kodiak
100% Knights to Create Career Pathways for Aboriginal Students
Arizona Culinary School Recruits American Indians, Now Available for Federal Financial Aid
Book Lets Great Lakes American Indians Tell Their Own Story
Volume 3
UN Declares 2011 the "International Year of Forests"
Think the Super Bowl Battle was Big? Fight Over Conservation Funding Looms Larger
Limit Set for Native Polar Bear Hunters Under International Treaty
White House: Tribes Fare Well in 2012 Budget
Ziebach County South Dakota: America's Poorest County
Top 5 Obama Regulations that American Businesses Hate Most
The Top 11 Corporate Cash Hoarders
Volume 4
Donna Karan Collaborates With an Indigenous Artist as Part of "Nomad Two Worlds" Art Exhibit
Alligator Wrestling and the Men Who Do It
Custer Flag to Be Sold by DIA
Museums Work to Credit the Individuals Behind Native American Artwork
All My Relations Gallery Showcase for Native Art
Grammy Winner Helps Locals Build, Understand Flutes
German TV Crew Films Program About Nokota Horses

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