Native Village
Youth and Education news
Volume 1    April 2011

Participate in the Largest Midwest Earthquake Drill

The biggest earthquakes in U.S. history were caused by the New Madrid fault. Many, including some scientists, believe another New Madrid quake -- or series of quakes -- are in the near future. Right now, small quakes are happening on a daily basis.

In an earthquake, you may only have seconds to protect yourself before something falls on you or strong shaking knocks you down. When the adrenaline kicks in, you may not act safely unless you know what to do.

Today, over 1,000,000 people have signed up to participate in the Great Central U.S. Shakeout. The Great Central U.S. Shakeout is an 11-state drill to prepare for a damaging earthquake in the central U.S.  Those taking part will practice "Drop, Cover, and Hold On." These are protective actions people should take when an earthquake begins.

Indiana is leading in the numbers of people joining The Great Central U.S. Shakeout.  Indiana's drill will be held on April 19, while other states will drill on April 28th.

Partial History of New Madrid Earthquakes
December 25, 1699: a French missionary and explorers traveling up the Mississippi felt ground shaking near todays Memphis.











A series of 1811-1812 earthquakes as predicted by Tecumseh:

December 16, 1811
Magnitude: 7.2 - 8.2 The epicenter near today's Memphis registered a Magnitude of 9.0
Felt throughout America, including Washington D.C.
27 aftershocks were felt every 6-10 minutes. Many were felt throughout the eastern US.

January 23, 1812
Epicenter in the SE corner of Missouri. Characterized by general ground warping, ejections, fissuring, severe landslides, and caving of stream banks.

February 7, 1812
(Magnitude 7.4 - 8.6) The epicenter near New Madrid, Missouri destroyed the city.
This shock created waterfalls on the Mississippi River and forced it to run backwards. It formed Reelfoot Lake.
The earthquakes were felt as far away as New York City and Boston, Massachusetts,

Hundreds of aftershocks followed until 1817.

An eyewitness to these earthquakes reported:
“Great fissures opened the earth, geysers show mud and rocks hundreds of feet in the air, new hills and ridges heaved up out of the ground, and the river itself ran red with brimstone and sulfur. Whole islands in the river disappeared, the forests went under, the tall oaks snapped like twigs, and violent winds tossed bundles of fallen timbers. Deafening thunder rang to the heavens. Animals went crazy; thousands of birds hovered and screamed”.
January 4, 1842: Magnitude 6.0

October 31, 1895 Magnitude 6.5

September 17,1997 3.8 Richter magnitude, NE Arkansas

November 28, 1996 3.3 Richter magnitude. Shook 5 state area.

August 20, 1994: 3.5 magnitude earthquake near Walnut Ridge, Arkansas

December 5, 1985 3.9 Richter magnitude earthquake southwest of Blytheville, Arkansas

November 9, 1968 5.5 Richter magnitude earthquake in the Mount Carmel, Illinois

January 25, 1955 10-minute earthquake felt in NE Arkansas, Missouri. and Tennessee.

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