Youth and Education News
May 26, 2004, Issue 134 Volume 4
"We have to make knowledge important, make indigenous ideas and culture useful to society. We have to present it with integrity." Simon Ortiz
Vermont on list of 'Endangered Historic Places' because of Wal-Mart
Vermont, a state some list as one of "The World's Greatest Destinations," is now among America's Eleven Most Endangered Historic Places. The National Trust for Historic Preservation says Vermont is at risk of losing its natural beauty because Wal-Mart plans to open seven mega-stores, each which are likely to of attract other big retailers. National Trust president Richard Moe says that "will change the character" of the state. Beginning on May 24, 2004, The History Channel will run a series of public service announcements that highlight the 2004 list.
America's Eleven Most Endangered Historic Places 2004
2 Columbus Circle, New York, NY http://www.nationaltrust.org/11most/2004/2_columbus_circle.html
Bethlehem Steel Plant, Bethlehem, PA
Historic Cook County Hospital, Chicago, IL
Elkmount Historic District, Great Smoky Mountains National Park, TN
George Kraigher House, Brownsville, TX
Gullah Geechee Coast, SC, GA
Madison-Lenox Hotel, Detriot,MI
Nine Mile Canyon, Carbon and Duchesne Counties, UT
Ridgewood Ranch Home of Seabiscuit, Willits, CA
Tobacco Barns, Southern MA
State of Vermont
Scientists Say Chicago Sinking Every Year
Shifting land caused by melting Canadian glaciers is creating land movement in Chicago which is sinking the city about a millimeter a year. The shift is also forcing water in the Great Lakes to slosh from the upper Great Lakes into their lower reaches. The reason lies far beneath Earth's surface in semimolten rock. 20,000 years ago, the weight of glacial ice sheets created depressions in the Earth. As the ice melts, the land returns to its original shape, forcing some areas to sink and others to rise, like a seesaw. Areas south of the U.S.-Canadian border are sinking, while Canadian regions are generally rising. At the same time, water has been tipped toward Chicago beaches, as well as rivers and marshes all over the northern United States. "Water is moving from the Canadian side, slowly but surely, to the U.S. side," said Chuck South of Environment Canada. "Over a century, it's got quite an effect." The study from Northwestern University used 10 years of readings from global positioning satellites across North America.
Pennsylvania Scientists Discover New Dinosaur
William Donawick, a University of Pennsylvania professor, was horseback riding in southern Montana when he spotted a curious piece of bone. His find led to the discovery of a new dinosaur with a long neck, a whip-like tail and a mysterious extra hole in its skull. "The extra hole in the skull is still a mystery," said Jerry Harris, Penn graduate student researcher. "It has only been seen before in two dinosaurs from Africa and one from South America." Researchers have named the dinosaur Suuwassea emilieae (SOO-oo-WAH-see-uh eh-MEE-LEE-aye), after a Crow Indian word meaning "ancient thunder" and for Emilie deHellebrath, who funded the digs that unearthed more than 50 bones. The 150-million-year-old creature was found on what once was waterfront property that looked onto a body of water called the Sundance sea.
Bald Eagle Leaving Threatened Species List
The American bald eagle will be off the threatened species list this year, according to Craig Manson from the Bush administration. "It's no longer endangered, but it's still deserving of special protection," Manson said. In 1963 the bald eagle was reduced to just 417 known breeding pairs in the continental United States. Its habitat was being destroyed, ranchers shot them and widespread use of the pesticide DDT caused eagle eggshells to become too thin. By 1978, the bird was endangered in 43 states and threatened in five others. Today there are more than 7,678 breeding pairs of bald eagles in the contiguous United States. They will remain protected under the federal Bald Eagle Protection Act of 1940, which prohibits killing or selling the animals.
Aging Octopus Finds Love at Last
ANCHORAGE, Alaska - It looks like J-1, the giant Pacific Octopus, is in love. Aquarists at the Alaska SeaLife Center introduced J-1 to the very fetching and slightly younger Aurora. After meeting her, J-1 changed color, his eight arms became intertwined with hers, and two retreated to a secluded corner to get to know each other better. In 1999, J-1 was found along a beach. At the time, he was the size of a quarter. Now, at 5 years of age and 52 pounds, J-1's in a period of decline that occurs before an octopus dies. His skin is eroding. His suckers have divots. But J-1 still had the strength to hopefully pass on his spermadores to Aurora. "The goal for this was to let him lead a full life," said aquarium curator Richard Hocking.
Stocks of wild salmon retain legal protection
The Bush administration intends to continue protecting wild salmon under the Endangered Species Act. 25 of the 26 salmon and steelhead stocks currently protected under the law will continue to be guarded. The 26th species -- steelhead that spawn in the mid-Columbia River -- still is being reconsidered for protection.
Inuit art to be featured by Tiffany's
Drum Dancer by Inuk Charlie
|Artist Inuk Charlie's work will be sold
through Tiffany's, an exclusive high-end jewelry retailer. Tiffany's is opening a northern
partnership that will market Inuit art and northern diamonds. Charlie says the deal will help
other Nunavut artists. "The project itself could is open the doorway for our region to come
up with different designs that come from this region," he said. Tiffany's has created 36
styles based on Charlie's designs and those of Inuit artists Rae-Edzo Dene and Archie
Beaulieu. They will be used to create gold and diamond necklaces, earrings, and brooches.
Tiffany's is calling the northern collection the Inuit Ice Collection.
Zapotec women make art their business
Mexico: San Marcos is a Zapotec Indian village in the central valley of Oaxaca. It is rapidly losing its men -- and, increasingly, whole families -- to the prospect of higher wages in the North. In response, women like Macrina Mateo Martínez make up for their absence by adapting the ways of an ancient tradition: red-earth pottery. "We work red clay," Mateo said proudly of the women of San Marcos. "We’ve done it for centuries... We go to Oaxaca and other places to sell our work, to make a little money to support the family." Mateo began pottery making at age 8 by watching her mother and grandmother roll out red clay in the house where Mateo still lives. The clay comes from nearby mines where women dig out the red earth during the winter months before bringing it back to dry. The location of the mines remains a well-kept secret.
Descendants of imprisoned Apaches tell the story on film
Descendants of imprisoned Chiricahua Apaches, the last American Indians to surrender in the late 1800s, are telling their forefathers’ story on film for the first time. The documentary, called “Wild Justice,” features interviews with the last few living ex-prisoners and prisoners’ relatives. Some filming will take place aboard a train along the same routes that carried Apaches to confinement in Florida, Alabama and Oklahoma. “To tell the story correctly, we’ll travel that route again with the Apaches on board,” said producer Daniel Ostroff, a veteran of the film industry. “We’re going to take the children of the prisoners to tell us what happened along the way.”
POPULAR SMOKE SIGNALS RADIO & WEB SHOW WINS TOP AWARD FOURTH TIME
Dan and Mary Lou Smoke's radio show -- a blending of traditional Native lore and modern news broadcasting -- has won renewed recognition. In April, the show was recognized as "Outstanding Multicultural Program for 2004" at the CHRW Radio/TV Awards presentations. The occasion marked Smoke Signals'" second consecutive win and fourth year overall as title holder. The popular magazine-style program is heard on Sundays from 6:00 to 8:00 p.m. on The University of Western Ontario's FM station, which was ranked in 2003 as #1 Campus and Community Radio Station in Canada. "The program is also broadcast on the Internet at: www.chrwradio.com.
Native News Network of Canada
Honored Indian Artists Ponder Future of Their Culture
Some of the country's most accomplished Native American artists were honored with Fellowships and Lifetime Achievement Awards by the Southwestern Association for Indian Arts. Despite their honors, may artists are concerned about the future of their ancient crafts. "There's just about four or five on the pueblo that do embroidery now," said Ramoncita Sandoval, an embroiderer from San Juan Pueblo. Potter Bea Duran remembers helping her mother paint pottery, which was sold to tourists in Santa Fe. "In the time we were young, it was not so much artwork," she said. "It was a necessity."
Among those honored by the SWAIA
Ignacia Duran, a 73-year-old potter from Tesuque pueblo;
Gabriel Paloma, 38, Zuni Pueblo potter;
Ramoncita Sandoval, 71, an embroiderer from San Juan Pueblo;
Irene Clark, 69, Navajo Weaver;
Carol Emarthle-Douglas, basket weaver;
Kevin Pourier, buffalo horn carver;
Olvera Monte, basket weaver;
Dextra Quotskuyva, Hopi potter;
Clara Sherman, Navajo weaver;
Jerry Ingram, bead and quill worker.
Chippewa woman lets her hands do the talking
Shannon Rose Gunville, 23, is an enrolled member of the Turtle Mountain Band of Chippewa. She is also a terrific boxer and is the only North Dakota woman to hold the two-time Golden Glove championship (1999 and 2000). According to her, it was easy. "I beat the Minnesota and Canadian champions," she said. "I had to take it easy during some of the fights so they wouldn't get discouraged." Since going professional Gunville has had one fight. She won. "It felt so good the first time," said Gunville. "The crowd was over 1,500 and mostly Native. I signed so many autographs I couldn't keep track. I love fighting in front of Native American casino crowds." Shannon she has several matches planned for the summer, including a possible bout with former skater Tonya Harding. "I don't know yet what to say about that one. When the time comes I'll just let my hands do the talking."
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