Youth and Education News
November 12, 2003 Issue 122, Volume 1
"Why not teach school children more of the wholesome proverbs and legends of our people? That we killed game only for food, not for fun... Tell your children of the friendly acts of the Indians to the white people who first settled here. Tell them of our leaders and heroes and their deeds... Put in your history books the Indian's part in the World War. Tell how the Indian fought for a country of which he was not a citizen, for a flag to which he had no claim, and for a people who treated him unjustly. We ask this...to keep sacred the memory of our people. " Grand Council Fire of American Indians to the Mayor of Chicago, 1927
Nation People's magazine named 11 entrepreneurs and 10 businesses on and off the rez which are spurring growth among Native economies:
Phillip Martin, Mississippi Band of Choctaw Indians
Dave Anderson, Chippewa Choctaw, http://www.famousdaves.com
Howard Frederick, Turtle Mt. Band of Chippewa, http://www.uniband.com
Marie Greene, Inupiaq, http://nana.com
Ray Halberitter, Oneida, http://oneida-nation.net
Don Kelin, Caddo, http://www.caddosupplies.com
Gene Keluche, Wintu, http://www.nascsports.org
Lance Moran, Ho-Chunk, http://www.hochunkinc.com
Anthony Pico, Kumeyaay, http://www.viejas.com
Kenneth Reels, Mashantucket Pequot, http://www.pequotmuseum.org
Tracy Stanhoff, Prairie Band Potawatomi/Choctaw, http://www.adproweb.com
Dogrib Tribe: Diamonds Are a Tribe's Best Friend
Jamestown Seafood: A Natural Enterprise http://www.shellfishnwcom
Native American Bank: The Buck Starts Here: http://www./nabna.com
Red Man Pipe and Supply: Delivering American's Energy: http://www.red-man.com
Zuni Furniture: Carving out a Niche
Native American Botanics: A Wealth of Possibilities, http://www.nativeamericanbotanics.com/
Red Deer Ranch: Money on the Hoof, http://www.reddeerranch.com
Colville Tribes: A Regional Economic Power, http://www.colvilletribes.com/ctec.htm
Rosebud Sioux Tribe: Putting The Wind to Work, http://www.nativeenergy.com
Sitting Bull College: Where Education Builds Business, http://www.sittingbull.edu/
Native Peoples Magazine, Nov/Dec 2003
Western Shoshone Grandmothers Win Leadership
The Petra Foundation recognizes, encourages and supports unsung heroes making important contributions to the rights and dignity of others. Petra Fellows are a network of leaders and activists who cross the lines of age, race, class and issue to join in building a more just society. The 2003 Petra Fellows include Carrie and Mary Dann, who were honored for fighting the privatization of more than 24,000,000 acres of western Shoshone lands.
Native American Leader Cited by Women's Leadership Group
Native American Leader Elouise C. Cobell is one of four women to be honored Nov. 14 by the Women's Leadership Exchange. Cobell is fighting the U.S. government by calling for a full accounting of trust funds held by the federal government for thousands of American Indians Ms. Cobell is a member of Montana's Blackfeet Tribe and executive director of the Native American Community Development Corp., "I hope that with this award I can call attention to our continuing, seven-year fight with the federal government for the full and complete accounting of monies that the government has held in Individual Indian money accounts for decades," she said. "Despite repeated court orders, it is shameful that the government still has to yet to provide a complete accounting of the first Indian account." Others to be honored with the Exchange's award are Lesley Visser, a CBS-TV Sport analyst, Dr. Kathy Magliato, a heart transplant surgeon from Los Angeles, and Renetta McCann, chief executive of Starcom North America
Lost City Near Machu Picchu Found
Explorers have found an ancient Incan city lost for centuries in the Peruvian jungles. Using infrared aerial photography, Llactapate was located within sight of the key religious center at Machu Picchu. Stone buildings include a solar temple and houses covering several square miles. Just like Machu Picchu, they are in alignment with the Pleiades star cluster and the June solstice sunrise. "This gives the site great ritual importance," said archaeologist Hugh Thomson. Llactapata probably a ceremonial site, and excavations suggest it was also a granary and dormitory for its sacred neighbor. The Incas abandoned their towns and cities to flee from Spanish invaders after the Conquistadors executed the last Incan leader, Tupac Amaru, in 1572.
Did the Scandinavians beat Columbus to America twice?
Archeologists have already proven that Viking explorers beat Christopher Columbus to America by about 500 years. Now a 200 pound engraved stone, called a rune stone, may prove Swedish explorers reached Minnesota in 1362.A farmer in Kensington, Minnesota, found the stone on his property in 1898. After 100 years, the stone is raising interest. The inscription, translated into English, reads: "Eight Geats (southern Swedes) and 22 Norwegians on this exploration journey from Vinland in (unclear) west. We made camp at two (unclear) one day's journey north of this stone. We went fishing one day. Upon our return we found 10 men red from blood and death, Ave Maria. Save us from evil. There are 10 men down by the sea guarding our ships, 14 days' journey from this island. Year 1362." At least one US expert, Scott Walter, has concluded that the stone was exposed to weather and winds for several centuries, boosting the claim that it is authentic.
STOCKHOLM SWEDEN (AFP)
Hit by disease, deforestation and war, Colombia's last nomadic tribe faces extinction
For thousands of years, the Nukak-Maku Indians roamed the jungles in southeast Colombia, hunting game with blow guns and gathering berries. Then, in 1988, their world changed when a few Nukak men ventured into a town carved out of the jungle. That first encounter was peaceful, with the Nukak men so trusting that they brought out their women and children waiting in the bush. But the aftershocks of that meeting are now devastating the Nukak. Diseases, modern conveniences, and Colombia's civil war are driving the tribe to extinction--the same path more than 100 other Amazonian tribes have walked. In 1988, at least 1,200 Nukak roamed the jungles. Just 15 years later, their number have plunged to about 380. There are no elders--they have all died. Anthropologists believe there are only a few dozen Nukak still living deep in the jungle, relatively untouched by civilization. The United Nations estimates more than 300 indigenous tribes live in the Amazon basin, but only about 60 remain in isolation in Brazil and Peru.
Archaic writing sheds light on Indian land claims
Over 100 years ago, the Sto:lo First Nation in BC says the Crown promised them 25% of all profits made off their land. Now, thanks to oblate missionary records, the promise may have been recorded. Keith Carlson, a University of Saskatchewan history professor, has resurrected the documents written in French or in Duployan shorthand—an obscure writing system based on symbols. Each missionary kept detailed records which now must be translated and searched for references to the Sto:lo. Since the missionaries lived among aboriginal groups across Canada, other First Nations may find information when researching land claims. "For me that's where the interest lies. How the past is still with us. If you can still say it that way. How these issues are still real today," said Darren Friesen, who is working with Carlson.
Tlingits welcome back lost bear
After 95 years, Angoon's lost bear has returned home. Tlingits have reclaimed their bear totem pole from the University of Northern Colorado in Greeley and held a welcoming ceremony in Angoon. "It was a happy time to have it back home," said Maureen Brown. The bear was carried into the elementary school gymnasium, and the children of the Brown Bears welcomed the pole home. Everyone danced, letting the Bear know he was welcome. The totem is carved wth an upside-down man representing the Alaska Native story of Kaats. Kaats was a Tlingit man who fell in love with a female bear and sired two cubs. The Bear House of the Teikweidi Clan of Angoon are descendants of the Kaats-bear family.
Navy's Return of Kahoolawe Marks new Chapter for Island, Native Hawaiians
The U.S. Navy will soon return Kahoolawe Island to the State of Hawaii. The 45-acres of arid land are considered sacred by Native Hawaiians who feel the island, untouched by tourists and beach resorts, connects them with the spirits of their ancestors. The United States Navy spent 10 years and $460 million to clean up a half century's worth of ammunition, bombs and unexploded ordnance.
Associated Press State & Local Wire
Government Recognizes Seminole Freedmen
The U. S. government has granted recognition to the Seminole Nation Freedmen, descendants of freed black slaves who lived among the tribe. The Freedmen have long been tribal citizens but were denied benefits given to other members. This included voting in tribal affairs. "We see this as a watershed day, a celebration, of the notice of the Native American identity of the Freedmen," said attorney Jon Velie.
The Associated Press
Indian employees to lose preference under Bush plan
Several dozen positions will lose their Indian preference status under a Bush administration consolidation. Special Trustee Ross Swimmer may transfer the unit that appraises Indian land to a new department. A key issue is whether Indian preference, which means recruiting and hiring qualified American Indians and Alaska Natives, will still apply. The policy is a law passed in 1934 and has turned the Bureau of Indian Affairs into a nearly all-Indian organization. As many as 67 Indian employees will no longer fall under the policy if Bush's plan succeeds. Swimmer is asking tribes to comment on the proposal.
In honor of Tecumseh
Steve Newcomb, a Shawnee Delaware, is director of the Indigenous Law Institute, a research coordinator at D-Q University at Sycuan, and a columnist for Indian Country Today. Newcomb is proposing that, in honor of Tecumseh, Native Nations and peoples call for an end to the twin doctrines of Christian discovery and power in federal Indian law. "The Christian European system has systematically colonized our minds and our lives," Newcomb writes, "...and it is our solemn responsibility to work hard at a spiritually grounded process of decolonization and healing. Such was the focus of Tecumseh's life: Never submit, never give in, never surrender your spirit to those who would capture it and hold you against your will under a system of domination."
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